- About Us
- Resource Directory
- Infant & Toddler Development
- Contact Us
You’ve made it through the first year! You have many memories of the times you have shared with your baby. The second year is also a very important time for your child. It is a time:
Your child will need less milk as she eats more table foods. Whole milk can be substituted for formula or breast milk. Unless your doctor suggests otherwise, whole milk or breast milk are the best choices for your child until she is two years old. It provides more of the essential fatty acids needed for your child’s growth.
However, milk alone cannot provide enough of the nutrients needed by an active toddler. She needs regular food because milk is low in iron. At mealtime, give her food before nursing or offering milk from a cup.
Some children are allergic to cow’s milk. If your child develops allergic signs such as spitting up when beginning to drink cow’s milk, see your doctor.
Encourage your child to feed herself. She no longer needs baby food. Offer her well-cooked, cut or mashed foods from the family meal. It is normal for toddlers to spill and be messy. Plan ahead by protecting the floor and her clothes. Feeding herself is your child’s way of saying, “I want to do it myself.”
Offer your child a variety of healthy foods, and don’t push or bribe her to eat. Your child knows when she has had enough to eat and what foods she likes.
Her appetite may change from day to day as her rate of growth varies. Preference for certain foods, refusal to eat, and pickiness are common. Keep meal time relaxed and enjoyable.
A child not in a car seat could be hurt or killed by a sudden stop. No matter how tightly you hold her, she could be thrown from your arms by the force of the stop or collision. Even short trips at very low speeds could have a fatal ending.
She may resist the idea of being confined in a car seat. She may cry or try to climb out of it. However, be firm and always use the car seat. Never start the car until she’s safely buckled in.
Resistance to a car seat is usually a passing phase. Sing songs and provide her with small toys and books to help keep her busy. On longer trips, something to eat or drink might help.
Always feel the vinyl and metal parts on the car seat to make sure they are not too hot to touch. Hot seats can burn her skin. Covering the seat with a light cloth may help.
Constantly check your home to protect your active, curious toddler. A chair next to the kitchen counter allows her to climb to risky heights and reach dangerous objects. A bookcase, dresser, TV or table that can tip over easily may cause an accident. Recliners have injured children playing on the leg rest. At this age, your child is still unable to judge when a situation is dangerous.
Hawai‘i has more than 80 varieties of poisonous plants. Some poisonous house plants are philodendron, poinsettia, and anthurium. Yard plants such as oleander and castor bean are especially dangerous.
For help or information, call the Hawaii Poison Center, or dial 911. (Available 24 hours a day statewide.)
As your child practices walking and climbing, she will have bumps, bruises, cuts, and scrapes. To reduce swelling, place something cold on the injured spot. A frozen can of juice or a package of frozen vegetables wrapped in cloth can be used quickly and easily. Clean the area well with soap and water and cover, if necessary.
Establish routines for mealtimes, naps, and bedtime. A toddler depends on these routines. Having some way to predict what is going to happen makes a child feel secure. A child’s bedtime routine may include taking a bath, putting on pajamas and reading a story.
A young child may sometimes resist routines, especially at naptime or bedtime. Positive statements such as, “It’s time for bed”, rather than, “Do you want to go to bed?”, may avoid a quick “no” from your child. Talking to her about the next steps in the routine may also help prevent resistance.
When a child’s routine is disrupted, it is upsetting for her. Plan ahead. Allow extra time for changing from one activity to another, and keep to your daily routines as much as possible.
Each child is born with her own unique temperament. Children differ in activity, attention level, persistence, and personality.
What is your child like? Is she generally active or quiet . . . willing to try new things or more cautious . . . cheerful or serious . . . persistent or easily distracted?
How you accept, handle, and adjust to your child’s individual traits is important. By understanding your child’s temperament, you are better able to respond to her needs and make her feel she’s loved just as she is.
Your child is unique and has her own growth timetable. Each child develops in her own way. If you have any questions about your child’s development, call your doctor or H-KISS.
The decision to have another baby will affect your entire family in many ways. Consider your own values and goals as you decide on family size.
Q – Our son seems to enjoy playing with his penis while taking a bath. Is this okay?
A – Yes. Both boys and girls touch their genitals. If feels good and is a source of self-comfort. Although this may make you uncomfortable, remember that your son is exploring his body and is not behaving sexually in the same way as adults. Be sure not to shame or scold him. Over time you can help him learn that this is a private behavior.